Hemp CBD (Cannabidiol Oil) and Medical Research
WHERE THE MEDICAL FIELD STANDS ON CBD
The CBD (cannabidiol) industry is growing too fast. CBD carries an excellent safety profile and doesn’t get a person high. Thus, medical professionals are now turning to this hemp compound for a variety of ailments.
A lot has already been discovered about CBD. The experts are still on the hunt for more benefits. CBD brings a plethora of health benefits to the table, including but not limited to:
- Minimizing pain and inflammation
- Calming the muscles and nerves, improving sleep, and allaying anxiety
- Reducing seizures (recurrent fits)
- Protecting the existing nerve cells and forming new nerve cells in the brain
- Regulating blood pressure
- Preventing the growth of abnormal body cells and even suppressing the growth of the existing abnormal ones
We’ve compiled a list of conditions that may benefit from CBD. Also explained, is why CBD continues to gain momentum in the medical field.
CBD as a strong anti-inflammatory and pain-reliever
The anti-inflammatory properties are one of the most recognized and researched benefits of CBD. Clinicians refer to CBD as a novel anti-inflammatory. They report that CBD can curb the release of inflammatory substances.
A group of European scientists notices a relief in inflammation and pain after applying CBD gel in rats with inflamed and swollen joints. The researchers conclude that the compound may also help people with joint inflammation and relieve pain.
CBD can tackle tough body pains. This may be due to a rise in the chemical made in the human body called anandamide in response to CBD. The compound, in turn, suppresses pain.
CBD approved for recurrent fits (seizures) in kids
CBD is the first cannabinoid ever approved by the US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for repeated fits in children. Today, clinicians are giving a CBD medication to people with frequent fits. That being said, CBD supplements are still not legal on the federal level and we cannot say for sure if all of them are beneficial for fits.
CBD as add-on-therapy
Physicians are using CBD on top of the routine medicines for various medical complaints. The goal is to make the medical therapy more effective.
CBD has a favorable side effect profile
The medical experts generally view CBD as a safe agent. Why? It’s because CBD doesn’t bind to the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (unlike THC) and hence, can’t get you high.
But, the federal law still has strict regulations on CBD. Thus, the WHO (World Health Organization) also took time to put out a report about CBD’s safety. The report revealed no negative outcomes for this substance. Instead, it mentioned health conditions that can benefit from CBD.
Likewise, in a detailed review, Dr. Kerstin discussed the safety and side effects of CBD. The compound displayed a decent side effect profile in humans. The most commonly reported side effects were diarrhea, tiredness, and appetite and weight changes.
CBD’s use in psychotic disorders
While THC gets a person high, CBD shows opposite effects.
A clinical study published in the JAMA Psychiatry revealed how CBD acts in the human brain to curb psychotic episodes. According to this study, CBD can reset the brain function in areas that control thought process and behavior.
Moreover, research reveals that CBD can act at the dopamine D2 receptors in the human brain. The medications used to treat psychotic episodes also act at the same receptors. This is one of the ways as to how CBD buffers the psychoactive “high” of THC.
In addition, CBD can boost the brain levels of anandamide. This natural compound, in turn, seems to tame the psychotic symptoms. For instance, a four-week trial with CBD raised anandamide levels and improved symptoms in people with psychosis.
CBD and anxiety
CBD can take the edge off the anxiety. Various researchers have been dissecting the evidence from animal and human studies. An article in a medical journal showed how CBD may help with anxiety.
CBD and sleep
Preliminary research into CBD and difficulty sleeping suggests that this cannabinoid may also ease sleep difficulties. But, different doses of CBD may have varied effects. A report published in a scientific journal showed that medium-to-high doses of CBD are sedating and cause a person to become drowsy.
How CBD helps with sleep? Well, the one proposed mechanism for CBD’s sedative effects is a surplus of a brain chemical called GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) in response to CBD. GABA induces drowsiness.
Moreover, we know that insomnia could be due to anxiety. By fighting anxiety, CBD can help a person fall asleep faster. Likewise, a person struggling with chronic pain and sleep difficulty at the same time also appears to benefit from CBD.
CBD and depression
CBD can counter depression. On their hunt, scientists reveal that CBD can boost the levels of the “happy” brain chemical, serotonin.
Also, an increase in anandamide in response to CBD further supports its ability to tame depression. Anandamide is a bliss compound that sparks off feelings of joy and happiness.
CBD’s ability to protect the nerve cells
CBD is healthy for the nerve cells. Scientists refer to this property as neuroprotection. The compound has thus become popular among professional athletes that are often prone to brain trauma. Medical experts are also managing to track down the mechanisms responsible for these actions of CBD.
How CBD offers this protection? Professionals say that CBD has antioxidant functions. This enables CBD to protect the nerve cells.
What’s an antioxidant? It’s a substance that resists oxidative stress. This is a chemical reaction that generates highly reactive molecules called free radicals, leading to chronic ailments. CBD can fight oxidative damage. So it can protect the existing nerve cells as well as promote the growth of the new ones.
Such findings have been directing the physicians to further study CBD for a number of brain disorders, including but not limited to:
- traumatic brain injuries
- multiple sclerosis
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Parkinson’s disease
CBD’s use in Alzheimer’s disease
A buildup of toxic proteins triggers Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The medical professionals are carrying out studies with CBD on mice and rats with AD. The compound appears to improve the memory and learning capabilities in animal models with AD because:
- It’s anti-inflammatory, reducing inflammation caused by toxic proteins
- CBD can shield the nerve cells from the toxic proteins
- Owing to its antioxidant properties, CBD can ward off the oxidative damage incited by the toxins
CBD in multiple sclerosis
What’s multiple sclerosis (MS)? It is a condition in which the antibodies (supposed to defend the human body from harmful agents) start attacking one’s own brain and spinal cord. The condition causes severe muscle spasms, stiffness, and reduced mobility.
In the case of MS, physicians are carrying out most of the studies using both CBD and THC. That being said, one study shows that using CBD could be a promising approach in people with MS. This is because CBD can minimize fatigue, pain, muscle spasms, and thus make a person more mobile.
CBD and Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A paper discusses the ability of CBD to stop fearful memories in humans and improve the symptoms of PTSD.
CBD and cancer
The experts are describing CBD as a “new weapon against cancer.” It may arrest the growth of and slay certain cancer cell lines. In fact, a research lists CBD as the strongest of all cannabis compounds because of its potential to arrest the cancer cell cycle.
CBD and human body balance
A breakthrough in cannabis medicine is the discovery of a system called “endocannabinoid system (ECS)” in the human body. This system is a “bridge between the mind and body.” It works to keep the body in a state of dynamic balance.
A well-known neurologist, Dr. Russo Ethans suggested that a deficiency (lack) of the ECS can elicit a myriad of health issues, including but not limited to:
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Painful menstrual periods
- Multiple sclerosis
- Parkinson disease
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
CBD, on the other hand, can bring the human body back into a state of balance. Thus, it may help with all the above conditions.
A lot has been revealed about CBD. More still needs to be known, but the evidence so far is promising. The ongoing clinical trials on CBD can pave the way for its official use. Clinical data on CBD provide evidence for reduced pain, improved sleep, and other benefits. Health professionals are yet not so sure about prescribing CBD supplements because the FDA doesn’t regulate the safety of supplements.